Suffering From Ulcerative colitis? Here Are Its Symptoms And Treatment Methods

Ulcerative colitis is a chronic inflammatory bowel disease that affects the colon and rectum, causing inflammation and ulcers in the lining of the digestive tract.

This condition can significantly impact a person’s quality of life.

“For a person suffering from ulcerative colitis, sleeping position has a significant impact on pain relief. Choose a sleeping posture that is most comfortable for you; most people sleep straight against their backs. This sleeping position is suitable for the majority of persons suffering from this ailment. Certain sleeping positions may aggravate bowel flares and inflammation. So, until ulcerative colitis is treated, it is best to adjust your sleeping posture to prevent symptoms and inflammation,” said Dr Rakesh Chauhan, Senior Gastroenterologist, from Ivory Hospital, Greater Noida.

Symptoms of Ulcerative Colitis

Abdominal Pain and Cramping

Persistent abdominal pain and cramping are common symptoms of ulcerative colitis. The inflammation in the colon can lead to discomfort, ranging from mild to severe.



Chronic diarrhoea is a hallmark symptom of ulcerative colitis. The inflammation and ulcers interfere with the normal absorption of water and nutrients, leading to frequent bowel movements.

Bloody Stools

Blood in the stool is a significant indicator of ulcerative colitis. The inflamed and ulcerated colon can cause bleeding, resulting in the passage of bloody or tarry stools.

Weight Loss and Fatigue

Unintended weight loss and fatigue may occur due to the body’s inability to absorb nutrients properly. Chronic inflammation and frequent bowel movements can contribute to these symptoms.

Rectal Pain and Urgency

Individuals with ulcerative colitis often experience pain in the rectal area and a persistent sense of urgency to have a bowel movement.

Loss of Appetite

Ongoing inflammation in the digestive tract can lead to a loss of appetite, making it challenging for individuals with ulcerative colitis to maintain a healthy and balanced diet.


Some people may experience fever, especially during flare-ups of the disease, as the body responds to inflammation.

What Causes Ulcerative colitis

The exact cause of ulcerative colitis remains unknown, but it is believed to involve a combination of genetic, environmental, and immune system factors. A family history of inflammatory bowel disease can increase the risk of developing ulcerative colitis.

 Treatment Options

Lifestyle Modifications

Adopting a healthy lifestyle can help manage symptoms. This includes maintaining a balanced diet, staying hydrated, managing stress through relaxation techniques, and getting regular exercise.

Supportive Therapies

Complementary therapies such as probiotics, dietary supplements, and using heating pads may offer relief for some individuals. It’s crucial to consult with healthcare professionals before incorporating these therapies into the treatment plan.

Regular Monitoring

Regular check-ups and monitoring of symptoms are essential for managing ulcerative colitis effectively. This helps healthcare providers adjust the treatment plan as needed and identify potential complications early on.

Ulcerative colitis is a difficult illness that necessitates meticulous management and a multidisciplinary approach. Understanding the symptoms, obtaining prompt medical attention, and working with healthcare specialists to develop an effective treatment plan can dramatically improve the quality of life for people suffering from ulcerative colitis. Those affected can negotiate the obstacles of this chronic condition and seek for long-term well-being by combining medicinal interventions with lifestyle changes.

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